Everything to know about moving to New South Wales

Animated map showing the highlights of New South Wales

We understand that when you’re making the move interstate, your energy supply is just one part of a bigger picture. To help make the move to your new state as easy as possible, we’ve put together this guide. If you’re thinking of buying a house or renting in NSW, here’s all you need to know about New South Wales in one handy place.

New South Wales State Map

Blog image - Moving interstate - NSW

1. Sydney
2. Sydney Opera House
3. Sydney Harbour Bridge
4. Bondi Beach
5. Manly Beach
6. Sydney Cricket Ground

7. Newcastle
8. Wollongong

9. Blue Mountains
10. Snowy Mountains
11. Hunter Valley Wine Region
12. Taralga Wind Farms
13. Byron Bay

14. Boco Rock Wind Farm
15. Kosciuszko National Park
16. Gullen Range Wind Farm

17. Thredbo Ski Town
18. Wagga Wagga
19. The Big Golden Guitar
20. Coffs Harbour
21. Broken Hill
22. Bathhurst
23. Port Macquarie

New South Wales State Guide

New South Wales (NSW) is Australia’s most populous state and home to the country’s biggest city, the cosmopolitan and financial hub of Sydney. Like Sydney, many of the state’s bigger urban centres are coastal and share their seaside real estate with long surfing beaches and a plethora of national parks. Further inland, you’ll find the regional cities of the heartland and the Great Dividing Range, encompassing the rugged Blue Mountains and the white peaks of the Snowy Mountains. Further west again, and you meet the vast expanse of the outback, dotted here and there with mining towns.

Get the lowdown on some of New South Wales’ key points below.

New South Wales Fact Box

Capital: Sydney
Population: 7,757.8 million

State Animal: platypus

Size: 800,642km2
Sunshine hrs/yr Sydney: 2,426
State Flower: waratah
State Bird: kookaburra

New South Wales Cities

Two-thirds of the state’s population lives in Sydney, Australia’s biggest city. The 10 biggest cities and regions in New South Wales by population are:

Central coast

Tweed Heads
Wagga Wagga


Port Macquarie

New South Wales Weather

Famous for its blue skies and sunshine, New South Wales overall enjoys a sunny climate with mild winters and hot summers. There are, of course, some rather large differences between different regions, and the general rule is that it gets hotter the further north you go. It’s humid near the Queensland border, arid in the far west and even snowy in the winter in the higher parts of the Great Dividing Range, where Australia’s largest snowfields are located.

Transport in New South Wales

New South Wales is connected by a network of trains, light rail, buses, coaches, and ferries, and boasts Australia’s largest public transport system. Public transport services use the Opal smartcard ticketing system with smartcards available online, at main stations and in certain shops. Sydney Trains operates within Sydney, while NSW TrainLink operates intercity, country and interstate services.

Nature in New South Wales

The New South Wales coastline stretches for more than 2,000km. Its hundreds of breathtaking beaches are too many to name individually, but mention must be made of Sydney’s famous Bondi and Manly beaches; Jervis Bay, which is said to possess the whitest sand in the world, at Hyams Beach; and the pale sands and colourful coral reefs of World Heritage site Lord Howe Island, 600km offshore. Inland, the Great Dividing Range spreads out to the atmospheric Blue Mountains in the north-west and the Snowy Mountains to the south, where the continent’s highest mountain, Mount Kosciuszko, can be found. The state counts more than 870 national parks and reserves protecting rainforests, waterfalls, marine areas, bush and outback desert. Other noteworthy natural attractions include but aren’t limited to:

- The Royal National Park
- Booderee National Park
- Murramarang National Park
- Wollemi National Park
- Coffs Harbour
- Red Rock Beach
- Greenfield Beach
- Hunter Valley vineyards

- Wellington Caves
- Wollomombi Falls in Oxley Wild Rivers National Park
- Walls of China in Mungo National Park

- Fitzroy Falls in Morton National Park
- Kiama Blowholes
- Wombeyan Caves
- ‘The Three Sisters’ in the Blue Mountains

New South Wales: What You Need to Know

  • New South Wales postcodes begin with the number 2
  • New South Wales telephone area calling code is 02
  • The current Premier of New South Wales is Gladys Berejiklian, the Leader of the New South Wales Liberal Party
  • New South Wales celebrates Labour Day on the first Monday in October
  • There are two main highways leaving Sydney. The Pacific Highway, which leads north to magnificent beaches and pretty coastal towns, and the Princes Highway leading south towards the quieter coastal regions
  • All toll roads are cashless in New South Wales. This means you’ll need an electronic tag or casual user pass to pay your tolls

New South Wales Fun Facts

  • New South Wales is Australia’s oldest state. Falsely proclaimed as uninhabited, it was claimed for Britain by Captain Cook in 1770 and established as a colony in 1788
  • New South Wales imports 1500 MW and 1100 MW in energy from Victoria and Queensland respectively
  • New South Wales originally contained more than half of the Australian mainland. In the 19th century, part of its lands were transferred to the other states and territories
  • New South Wales gets 79% of its electricity from coal, with only 14% coming from renewables
  • The New South Wales border is the longest of all Australian states and territories, measuring 4,635km
  • Thomas Wentworth Wills, the alleged inventor of Australian Rules football as we know it (although it is believed to have evolved from marngrook) was born in New South Wales
  • The Sydney Opera House has one million tiles covering its roof
  • The temperature can affect the arch of the Sydney Harbour Bridge, making it rise or fall by up to 18cm, depending on the heat of the day
  • Cape Byron is the most easterly point on mainland Australia and the first place in Australia to witness the sun rising
  • The Royal National Park on the southern outskirts of Sydney was proclaimed Australia’s first national park in 1879.  It was the second national park to be established in the world after Yellowstone in the US

Moving Checklist

Make sure you’re on track for your move to New South Wales with our moving checklist.

Download moving house checklist

Handy New South Wales Websites

EnergyAustralia, lighting the way to a better energy future. Find out more.